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The Equal Rights Law, enacted in 1994, bans discrimination on sexual orientation on the grounds of employment, housing, public accommodations, and more.
After the country began granting same-sex couples domestic partnerships benefits in 1998, the Netherlands became the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage in 2001.
Laws citing public indecency were also often used against homosexuals.
During World War II, the German Nazis introduced Paragraph 175 into Dutch law, which prohibited any same-sex sexual activity once again. During the mid-20th century, Dutch psychiatrists and clergy began viewing homosexuality less critically and in 1973, homosexuality was no longer treated as a mental illness.
The bill now awaits the advice from the Council of State, before it can move to the House of Representatives.
Recently, a loophole was fixed in the Equal Rights Act.
The Christian based political parties enacted Article 248bis of the Penal Code in 1911, which raised the age of consent for same-sex sexual activity to 21 whilst the age of consent for heterosexual activity remained at 16.
This resulted in the termination of a teacher in 2005 for being in a same-sex relationship.
This law was called 'de enkelefeitconstructie' (the 'single fact' construction).
In December 2013, the Dutch Parliament overwhelmingly approved a bill that would allow transgender people to legally change their gender on their birth certificates and other official documents without undergoing sterilization and sex reassignment surgery. In April 2012, the House of Representatives voted on a motion that would make an end to this ban and would make sexual risk behaviour the criteria for blood donation; in response the Government has asked the blood bank Sanquin and Maastricht University to investigate whether there is a possibility to allow MSM to donate blood. It showed that there are medical scientific grounds to adjust the donor selection policies around men who had sex with other men. On 28 October 2015, the Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport announced that a 12-month deferral on donating blood would replace the existing lifetime ban.
on account of its early adoption of LGBT rights legislation, and tolerance perception.